Our Ancestors ~ The Kings of Dalriada And The Legends of King Arthur

Doing our family’s genealogy is really quite an interesting journey. We just received findings back from the Davis clan’s mtDNA (the mother’s side) and have learned some very interesting things.

So what does our family have in common with Kate Middleton, King Arthur & the Knights of Templar, President Bill Clinton, Winston Churchill, Princess Diana, Prime Minister Cameron and Prince Albert II?

That’s right, the bloodline of the Kings of Dalriada.

Our family’s DNA matches make our family kin to King Dongard (Domangart) II of Dalriada (died in 673) who is the lineage of Kate Middleton, and John Robertson (born 1499 died 1540) who is the ancestor of Clinton, Churchill, Lady Diana, Cameron and Prince Albert.

So who are these kings and how do they tie to the legendary character King Arthur and the Knights of the Holy Grail?

Let’s address the first part of this question and discuss the birth of Scotland. Scotland wasn’t a cohesive northern kingdom until 843 AD under the rule of Kenneth MacAlpin (noted below). Previous to this, the lands of Scotland were comprised of four different races – the Picts in the North, the Celts in the South, the Angles in the Southeast and the Scots in the West from which Kenneth and our lineage came. Unification was needed due to the invasions by Norway.

The crown continued within the family and is the royal line of Scotland. We are descendants of Domangart noted on this graph. John Robertson, whom we are also related, is a descendent of this lineage that make up much of British royalty today.

The Royal Bloodline of Scotland

Our ancestors including John Robertson are buried at Dunalastair House which was home to many of the Clan Donnachaidh, including Robertson, Duncan and Reid. Many Clan chiefs are buried at Dunalastair House, Kinlock-Rannoch, Scotland. The burial place is still well preserved.

As the royal bloodline shown above portrays, Malcolm, son of Kenneth established complete control after a ten year contest by an alternate bloodline. Malcolm had the rivaling heir murdered and thus stabilized reign of the kingdom. Bethoc, eldest daughter of Malcolm II married Crinan and had son Duncan.

While Duncan was one of the most successful kings of Scotland and was accredited for unifying Scotland to near it’s borders that exist up to this day, he may well have been relegated to history if not for Shakespeare.

Shakespeare told the story of Duncan and his rival, Macbeth, in his tragedy, Macbeth. Duncan was murdered by his cousin, Macbeth, in the year 1040. He had two sons, one of which was Malcolm III.

Who knew that Shakespeare’s famed Macbeth was about our direct ancestors? Cousins who really hated each other for powers’ sake.

Macbeth was thought to have been first performed in 1606 and dramatizes the damaging physical and psychological effects of political ambition on those who seek power for its own sake. Interestingly, In the backstage world of theatre, some believe that the play is cursed, and will not mention its title aloud, referring to it instead as “The Scottish Play.” Hmmmm. Interesting.

Macbeth is portrayed as follows, “Shakespeare’s play, Macbeth, opens as Duncan, King of Scots, learns of the bravery and success of his general, Macbeth, in defeating the invading Norwegians. Duncan decides to reward Macbeth with a rich lordship and proposes a great feast be held at Macbeth’s castle so that all can honor Macbeth and celebrate his new lordship. Meanwhile, Macbeth happens upon three witches who predict great riches for him, and tell him that someday he will be king, but that he will sire no king. In the play Duncan is portrayed as a benevolent and kindly king, the embodiment of everything good; while Macbeth is weak-willed and totally under the influence of his evil and conniving wife. Lady Macbeth urges Macbeth to kill Duncan at the feast in order to steal the crown of Scotland. Macbeth is reluctant, but nevertheless bends to her wishes. The wicked witches appear repeatedly throughout the play, usually in the background, silently guiding the hands and actions of the weak and unethical, always plotting the total destruction of all about them. The moral of the story is that weak persons are easily influenced and  guided by the forces of evil, and that they will eventually be destroyed. Macbeth kills Duncan and his guards. Duncan’s sons, Malcolm III and Donaldbain, flee to England, fearing for their lives. Macbeth becomes king. Out of fear of his crown, Macbeth murders his best friend and others, too – men, women, children – because of threats, real or imagined, always urged to these actions by his wife, Lady Macbeth. Lady Macbeth eventually dies, simply burdened down by the huge weight of her sins.  Years later, Malcolm III, Duncan’s eldest son, aided by the English king, returns to Scotland with an army to reclaim the crown. There is a battle which ends, as does the play, with Macbeth’s bloodied and severed head being held high aloft for all to see.”

In reality and apart from Macbeth, at his father’s ascension to the throne in 1034, Malcolm III was made King of Strathclyde. He was only three years old at the time when his father was murdered and was quickly carried away to England for protection, living in the royal court. After reaching adulthood with the aid of England, he raised an army and returned to claim his heritage. He defeated and killed Macbeth in 1057 and ascended to the throne consolidating power by eliminating several of Macbeth’s family who might prove to be a threat.

Malcolm became king and, despite the fact he owed a great debt to England for their assistance in aiding him regain his crown, he attempted to invade England several times. Those invasions were halted, however, when William the Conqueror invaded from Normandy and forced Malcolm to submit and aid William’s own cause. Malcolm was married twice; first to Ingibjorg, and then to the English Princess Margaret  who was later canonized as a saint. Of these two marriages, four sons, including David, became kings of Scotland, several of whom met with untimely deaths.

After Malcolm married Margaret and was influenced by her saintly characteristics, he truly became a kind king — pious towards his god and compassionate to the poor. Nevertheless, even pious and compassionate kings sometimes must take war-like actions. One such action was when a rival family captured his castle of Alnwick. Malcolm and his two sons led an army to lay siege to the castle in order to recapture it. As the army approached the castle, a single knight emerged from it carrying only his lance upon which hung the heavy keys of the castle stronghold. “I come to surrender“, he cried, “Let your King come forward to receive at our hands the keys of his fortress“. Malcolm rode forward alone, visor up, to accept the offer of surrender, but as he advanced, the knight spurred on his horse and with a sudden swift movement, lowered his lance and drove its point straight into the eye of the King, piercing his brain and killing him. A battle ensued in which one of Malcolm’s sons was also killed, and his army forced to retreat.  His wife, Saint Margaret, died of grief upon hearing the news of the death of her husband and son.

David became king and was close to England because he was raised there as a member of the Scottish royal family in exile while David’s unfriendly half-brother ruled Scotland. Second, because David’s sister, Matilda, married Henry I, King of England, And third, because he married Matilda, daughter of Earl Waltheof of Northampton and Huntingdon, and through that marriage he inherited two wealthy English earldoms.

He ascended to the throne of Scotland in 1124. David developed an interest in religion and founded monasteries and nine dioceses in the country. Even today much of the religious orientation of Scotland is attributed to his efforts.

Despite the fact that he could be pious, he could also be brutal. There are legends about his slaughters and his wasting of whole regions to consolidate his power. Although, he lost some important battles which were setbacks to his position. To enhance his authority he granted valuable fiefdoms to Anglo-Norman and French families. By the end of his reign, much of the southern part of the country was controlled by these non-Scottish foreigners. One of these fiefdoms, the 200,000 acre Annandale, was granted to Robert Bruce, a Norman who David had met while in exile in England. David’s great-granddaughter, Isabel  later married into the Bruce family.

Future kings include son Henry, Earl of Northcumberland (1115 – 1152). Henry married Ida and together they had three sons, two of whom became kings – Malcolm IV and William the Lion. Their third son was David. David, Earl of Northcumberland (1144 – 1219), married Maud, daughter of Hugh30 de Kyvelioc, Earl of Chester. They had a son and three daughters, one of whom was Isabel. Isabel ( – 1251): Isabel married Robert Bruce, Fourth Lord of Annandale.

Hopefully this helps us contextualize the bloodline of the Kings of Dalriada spanning mid 400AD into 1300s.

So how does this all tie in to King Arthur and our ancestors?

King Arthur was to have lived and has been heavily debated and researched by scholars forever. There is great reading on different theories in this regard. While he lives in mythology and ancient legends and folklore, much evidence exists of his real existence in human history.

What I am going to share is what appears to be general consensus but not conclusive.

The contemporary Knights of Templar and Temple of Solomon who exist and operate today provide much information on King Arthur and his Knights of the Round Table, and their Quests for the Holy Grail. You can read more here http://www.knightstemplarorder.org/templar-king-arthur-holy-grail/

They state on the site that the real King Arthur of the historical record is first recorded in 7th century Scottish manuscript, the Vita Columba. Vita Columba identifies Arthur as a “Prince”, who was the “son of King Aidan” (King of the Scots from 574 AD). It recorded that Arthur and his father King Aidan led a coalition of Briton kings who fought the invading Picts and Saxons, and that Arthur never became king because he was slain in the battle of the Miathi. This would make King Arthur’s father, our direct ancestors great grandfather. Official royal records of Scotland state that King Aidan’s oldest son was Arthur and he was born in 559AD. For further understanding on King Arthur’s historical record I urge you read the link above.

Other theories espouse that King Arthur is NOT the Artur of Aidan but that evidence does NOT exclude the possibility that Arthur might be another member of the Dalriadic Scots. The evidence placing Arthur in North Britain is strong. “Skene (1876), Bromwich (1963), Goodrich (1986), and Glennie (1988) all looked to Arthur’s battles as listed by Nennius and concluded that these conflicts took place predominantly in the southern regions of present day Scotland, with some in what is now northern England.” King Comgall ruled from 507 which spans Arthur’s exploits in some historical record. The Annales Cambriae, a primary source for Arthurian legend, record the death of the historical Arthur in 537, while the obit of Comgall is at 537/538 in the Annals of Ulster and Annals of Tigernach. Thus, the dates of Comgall and Arthur accurately coincide. From this some scholars speculate that King Arthur is King Comgall. The information provided above was gathered here http://www.heroicage.org/issues/7/forum.html.

Regardless of which one it is, and the dates span by fifty years (note that many kings died in battle thus turnover was high), both Comgall and King Aedan are the same family. See below and the order of Kings. Comgall ruled then brother Gabran ruled after his death. Then Comgall’s son ruled, then Gabran’s son ruled (Aedan). Comgall is Aedan’s uncle. It is from one of these two men that researchers believe King Arthur came from. Both are from the same bloodline. So, for our purposes we can conclude that King Arthur, the real man is our kin, setting all legend aside.

A Subset of the Kings of Dalriata – The Royal Bloodline of Scotland

So how is King Arthur tied to the Knights Templar?

The first “grail” story was written in Troy at the Council of Troyes (France) in 1127 AD where Bernard de Clairvaux established the Roman Catholic Cisterian Rule of the Templar Order. Note that this is nearly 600 years after the death of the “real” King Arthur. It was within this window of time that the legends of King Arthur were created with the notion of an ancient mythology accompanying his identity. Legends and folklore are powerful tool for societies and groups wishing to instill awe and fear, secrecy and a following. This secrecy and mythology is still alive and well today 1000 years later as these mythologies have created entirely new lives of their own in the famed “secret societies” of yesteryear. It was, during these early years (1127 +) alleged that King Arthur’s knights were Templars but also Celtic priests that pre-dated Christianity and were linked to the gnostic heretical teachings of the 4th century. In the 1600’s Arturian legend of the “holy grail” was manifest through the 1616 book called The Chymical Wedding of Christian Rozenkreutz. Chymical was the old English word for alchemy and the book was steeped in rosicrucian , templar red crosses, magical marriages of kings in queens in mystical lands and steeped in mysticism. The Knights Templar Order website states, “The medieval understanding of the ancient tradition of alchemy, was the Quest (or search by scientific or spiritual exploration) for the “philosopher’s stone”, which would give enlightenment. The connection of medieval alchemy and the “philosopher’s stone” to the fabled “Holy Grail” of the Knights, is demonstrated at Chartres Cathedral in France, which was built by the 12th century Templars of the Order of the Temple of Solomon.”

So, what does the Knights Of Templar have to do with the Holy Land?

Fulk the Younger was King of Jerusalem from 1131 until his death. Fulk was a Templar and one of the founding knights of the Order of The Temple of Solomon in 1118. The descendants of King Fulk flow through the bloodlines of several lines of British Kings. Much more will be written on this topic of Knights of Templar, the Holy Grail and the Templar role in the Holy Land in blog posts to come.

What is the Holy Grail?

The  Holy Chalice, also known as the Holy Grail, is the vessel that Jesus used at the Last Supper to serve wine. Much more will be written in our blog on the ancient school of alchemy, the Holy Grail and the schism between required religious indoctrination of the times and the emergent gnostic teachings.

Until then, we hope you enjoyed this blog learning more about The Kings of Dalriada.

Sources: 

Knights Templar Order Website – please reference their site directly for full insights due to copyright protections they recognize

Who’s Who in Scottish History; Gordon Donaldson.

Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe; Jiri Louda.

Dictionary of the Middle Ages.

Brewer’s British Royalty; David Williamson.

2 thoughts on “Our Ancestors ~ The Kings of Dalriada And The Legends of King Arthur

  1. As always, interesting reading. If this is based on Mike’s mtdna, could you share the matrilineal line this pertains to? (a couple generations), Davis surname appears both my maternal and paternal autosomal trees. However my own matrilineal line leads back through my 3x great grandmother, a Martin who emigrated from Ireland in the 1700s. She, however married a Dougal McMickle whose father came with the British army prior to 1776. So all this great history pertains even though technically it would only be Mike’s siblings and children who relate to his matrilineal, non-Davis line. Have you ordered Family Finder (autosomal) upgrade?

    Liked by 1 person

    • All we know now is what it maps back to from a DNA perspective. I haven’t mapped it to the genealogical lines from present to past. It obviously goes through our Middleton genealogy on the mother’s side. I have ordered Family Finder but haven’t engaged it yet. We obviously can see from the DNA findings that John Robertson and King Domangart are direct line and we feed into that. So that gets us from 500 AD through to 1540AD. I have to link up our lines we know from a genealogical perspective from present to past to connect into the 1540 timeline. Obviously, since Kate Middleton is a “Middleton”…and our mother’s side is Middleton too — it’s that line. However, I think the genealogy that is recorded might have holes from pre early 1700s back to the 1540s timeframe. That is my next set of research activities. I hope that helps.

      Like

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